Session Type: ACR Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common chronic inflammatory rheumatism. RA is multifactorial involving genetic, environmental, endocrine, psychological and immunological factors. In 2002, our research team has discovered alpha-enolase (ENO1) as an autoantigen in RA and has recently demonstrated its effect on monocytes, inducing inflammation mediated through CD14-dependent TLR4 signaling pathway. Monocytes can differentiate into dendritic cells, osteoclasts or macrophages. Macrophages are involved in RA pathophysiology and can be polarized in different phenotypic profiles, pro-inflammatory (M1 macrophages) or immuno-regulatory (M2 macrophages). The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of ENO1 on monocytes differentiation into macrophages and on their polarization.
Methods: Monocytes of healthy donors were cultured with M-CSF (Macrophage-Colony Stimulating) or GM-CSF (Granulocyte Macrophage-Colony Stimulating Factor) for 5 days for their differentiation into macrophages and for 3 supplemental days with IFN-g and/or LPS or IL-4 and/or IL-10 for M1 or M2 polarization respectively. Monocytes and monocytes-derived macrophages were also cultured with ENO1, or control BSA, to investigate its effect on monocytes differentiation and macrophages polarization. Microscopy, flow cytometry and ELISA were performed to determine the macrophages polarization profile (M1 or M2) induced by ENO1.
Results: Firstly, we showed that ENO1 did not induce monocytes differentiation into macrophages in contrast to M-CSF and GM-CSF. However, in macrophages differentiated with M-CSF or GM-CSF, ENO1 induces M1 polarization in terms of morphology, surface markers and cytokines production. ENO1 can also initiate repolarization in M1 of macrophages previously polarized in M2. Finally, we showed that ENO1 induced a cytokine inflammatory response higher in macrophages differentiated with GM-CSF compared to M-CSF.
Conclusion: These results showed for the first time the potential role of native ENO1 in the inflammatory process of RA through its interaction with macrophages, promoting their polarization into pro-inflammatory M1 profile. Our project, aimed to understand the role ENO1 in RA pathophysiology, opens interesting research perspectives on cell types derived from monocytes.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Rottenberg P, Fréret M, Calbo S, Vittecoq O. Alpha-Enolase Promotes Pro-Inflammatory Phenotype of Monocytes-Derived Macrophages [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/alpha-enolase-promotes-pro-inflammatory-phenotype-of-monocytes-derived-macrophages/. Accessed November 27, 2020.
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