Session Type: Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Obexelimab is a novel bifunctional antibody that inhibits B-cells, CD19-expressing plasma cells, and plasmablast activity and has the potential to provide clinical benefits across multiple autoimmune disorders. The purpose of this analysis was to 1) develop a population pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) model of obexelimab from clinical studies following intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous (SC) administration; and 2) conduct simulations using this PK/PD model to support the proposed obexelimab Phase 3 dosing regimen in patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD).
Methods: A population PK/PD model, which described obexelimab serum PK and PD [absolute B cell (ABC) count or CD19 receptor occupancy (RO)] following single and multiple IV or SC administration to healthy subjects, and IV administration to patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or IgG4-RD, was established based on 4 clinical studies: 1) a first-in-human, single-ascending dose study with obexelimab in healthy volunteers (0.03 to 10 mg/kg IV); 2) a multiple-ascending dose study in patients with RA (0.3 to 10 mg/kg every other week); 3) an open-label study assessing the effect of obexelimab on disease activity in patients with IgG4-RD (5 mg/kg or 90/180 mg IV every other week); and 4) a PK and relative bioavailability study of obexelimab given IV or SC (125 to 375 mg SC or 250 mg IV every other week or 125 mg SC weekly).
Population PK analyses were performed using nonlinear mixed effects modeling software (NONMEM®). The final population PK/PD model was used to simulate obexelimab PK exposures and changes in ABC counts and in CD19 RO following various SC dosing regimens.
Results: A population PK/PD model was successfully developed which described the PK (concentrations) and PD (both ABC and CD19 RO) of obexelimab following single and multiple IV or SC administration to healthy subjects, and patients with RA or IgG4-RD. The final PK model was a two-compartment model with first-order absorption for SC administration and first-order elimination. Intrinsic and extrinsic subject factors were assessed as covariates in population PK full model development. These covariates included ethnic-related covariates such as race, body weight, age, and gender. The population PK analysis demonstrated that none of these ethnic-related covariates impacted the PK of obexelimab.
The PD simulation predicts a 250 mg SC weekly dosing will achieve the complete (~100%) CD19 RO and the maximum reduction in ABC count of approximately 50% of baseline during the entire dosing interval. Following discontinuation of the 250 mg SC weekly dosing, approximately 8 and 10 weeks is required for CD19 RO and ABC counts to return to baseline levels, respectively.
Conclusion: The population PK analysis of obexelimab demonstrates the ethnic insensitivity of obexelimab PK. Robust RO and PD following 250 mg SC weekly further supports clinical development of obexelimab to treat B-cell mediated autoimmune diseases.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Wang X, Kirk R, Lowry S, Mu H. Population Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Analyses of Obexelimab in Healthy Volunteers and in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis or IgG4-Related Diseases [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2023; 75 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/population-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-analyses-of-obexelimab-in-healthy-volunteers-and-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-or-igg4-related-diseases/. Accessed .
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/population-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-analyses-of-obexelimab-in-healthy-volunteers-and-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-or-igg4-related-diseases/