Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is hampered by suboptimal accuracy of currently available serological biomarkers. In this work, we applied a high-performance chemical isotope labeling (CIL) LC-MS technique for in-depth profiling of the amine/phenol-submetabolome in serum samples. To avoid false positives and obtain high-confidence biomarker candidates, we analyzed three independent sets of serum samples collected from RA patients and healthy controls to examine the common effects.
Methods: Serum samples were taken from 3 RA cohorts, which comprised 50, 49, and 131 RA patients, respectively. Within each cohort, there were sex/age-matched healthy controls: 50 in Cohort 1, 50 in Cohort 2, and 100 in Cohort 3. Amine/phenol-containing metabolites were labeled by 12C-dansyl chloride to improve the LC-MS detection. For each cohort, a pooled sample was prepared and labeled by 13C-dansyl group to serve as the reference sample for relative quantification. Individual samples and the pooled sample were mixed 1:1 and an LC-QTOF-MS platform analyzed the mixtures and output the intensity ratios of 12C/13C peak pairs.
Results: 1,149 amine/phenol-containing metabolites were commonly detected across the three sample sets. Among them, 134 were positively identified by our dansyl-labeling standard library, and 141 were matched to predicted retention times and mass values of dansyl-labeled human metabolites. Visualized by the partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the overall amine/phenol-submetabolome demonstrated clear and consistent differences between healthy controls and the RA groups, with cross-validation Q2 = 0.765, 0.745, 0.793, respectively. The selection of significant metabolites was conducted according to the fold change and false-discovery-rate-adjusted Welch’s t-test. Cohort 1 demonstrated 85 metabolites having higher and 89 with lower concentrations in the RA samples than the controls. The numbers of increased/decreased metabolites in Cohort 2 and 3 were 87/26 and 90/53, respectively. Importantly, there were 59 significantly discriminatory metabolites commonly found in the three data sets (49 increased and 9 decreased). We picked the top three with the highest univariate classification performance to form a biomarker panel. We implemented the linear support vector machine (SVM) to build the classifier and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to measure the performance. The area-under-the-curve (AUC) values (95% confidence interval) were 1.000 (1.000-1.000), 0.992 (0.967-1.000) and 0.902 (0.858-0.945) for the three cohorts, respectively. The results revealed the importance of examining multiple sample sets and even in the worst case (Cohort 3), our biomarker candidates could differentiate RA at 82.5% sensitivity and 82.5% specificity. Particularly, in Cohort 3, there were 30 RA patients negative for anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide and rheumatoid factor, and our metabolite panel demonstrated consistently high performance for differentiating these specific subjects from healthy controls.
Conclusion: Metabolites showing significant and consistent changes associated with RA have been identified with high discriminative power.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Wang X, Han W, Li L, Wichuk S, Hutchings E, Dadashova R, Paschke J, Maksymowych W. Isotope-Labeling-LC-MS-based Metabolic Profiling of Multiple Serum Sample Sets for the Discovery of High-confidence Rheumatoid Arthritis Biomarkers [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020; 72 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/isotope-labeling-lc-ms-based-metabolic-profiling-of-multiple-serum-sample-sets-for-the-discovery-of-high-confidence-rheumatoid-arthritis-biomarkers/. Accessed August 3, 2021.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/isotope-labeling-lc-ms-based-metabolic-profiling-of-multiple-serum-sample-sets-for-the-discovery-of-high-confidence-rheumatoid-arthritis-biomarkers/