Session Type: ACR Poster Session C
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Consistent with models of experimental arthritis implicating IL-22 – as a cytokine produced by immune cells but acting on non-immune cells e.g. fibroblast and osteoclast – in the development of joint destruction could previously demonstrate that elevated IL-22 serum levels were associated with the development of erosive disease in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods: To study value of IL-22 as a marker for erosive disease in established RA, to assess whether IL-22 is increased in other joint destructive rheumatic diseases, and to evaluate the influence of comorbidities on IL-22 serum levels. We measured serum IL-22 levels by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA) and analyzed their correlation to erosive disease (assessed by radiographs of hand and feet) and clinical parameters in patients with established RA (n=142), psoriatic arthritis (n=15), gout (n=15), age-matched patients with hypertension (n=10), diabetes (n=10), coronary heart disease (n=10), and healthy individuals as controls.
Results: 81 of 142 patients with established RA demonstrated elevated IL-22 levels compared with the range of healthy controls. A significant greater percentage of these ‘IL-22 high’ patients (59%) demonstrated erosive disease compared the ‘IL-22 normal’ patients (37%, p<0.05). In the ‘IL-22 high’ compared to ‘IL-22 normal’ group the fractions of patients positive for RF (70% vs 83%) and ACPA (74% vs 64%) were slightly higher, however not statistical significant different. Similar, measures of disease activity including DAS28 (2.3 vs 2.8) and CRP (0.5 vs 0.3 mg/dl) only tended to be higher in the ‘IL-22 high’ than the ‘IL-22 low’ group. Irrespective of erosive joint disease, patients with psoriatic arthritis and gout demonstrated lower IL-22 levels compared to established RA and only slightly higher than healthy individuals. Of note, patients with hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease had IL-22 serum levels comparable to healthy controls.
Conclusion: High IL-22 levels are associated with erosive disease also in established RA, potentially in parts independent of serology and comorbidities, and might serve as a marker for joint destruction also in this cohort.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Leipe J, Schulze-Koops H, Skapenko A. IL-22 As a Biomarker for Erosive Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/il-22-as-a-biomarker-for-erosive-disease-in-rheumatoid-arthritis/. Accessed November 25, 2020.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/il-22-as-a-biomarker-for-erosive-disease-in-rheumatoid-arthritis/