Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Age is an important factor that can affect disease course, physical function and treat to target strategy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We aimed to describe sociodemographic, disease and medication profile of patients with RA in the Ontario Best Practices Research Initiative (OBRI) by their assigned age group at time of their enrollment.
Methods: RA patients enrolled in the OBRI between 1st Jan 2008 and 31st Dec 2019 were included. Patients were allocated into two age groups, under 65 years and 65 years or older. Descriptive cross sectional analysis was used to compare sociodemographic characteristics (gender, ethnicity, spoken language, education, health insurance, and smoking status), disease activity [28 tender and swollen joint count (28SJC and 28TJC), physician global assessment (PhGA), clinical disease activity index (CDAI)], patient report outcomes (PROs) including patient global assessment (PtGA), fatigue score, global pain, and HAQ-DI, and medication profile (prior use of csDMARDs, prior use of bDMARDs, using new bDMARDs or csDMARDs) between the two age groups at enrollment. We calculated the standardized difference as the difference in means or proportions divided by the standard error. A significant difference between the two groups was defined as an absolute value greater than 0.10.
Results: A total of 3,734 patients were included; 2562 (68.5%) were under 65 yeras old and 1172 (31.5%) were 65 years or older.
Sociodemographic profile: Patients under 65 years were significantly more likely to be female (79.7 vs. 73.5%), non-caucasian (14.4 vs. 7.4%), current smokers ( 18.8 vs 9.3%) and have post-secondary education (62.6 vs. 44.6%), and more likely to have private health insurance (75 vs. 49%) and report English as their spoken language (7.0 vs 9.8%).
Disease activity and PROs profile: Patients under 65 years were significantly more likely to be antiCCP positive (63.0 vs. 57.5%), report higher PtGA (mean: 4.8 vs. 4.5), higher global pain (mean 4.8 vs. 4.4), higher fatigue score (mean 5.0 vs. 4.6), and lower HAQ-DI (mean 1.1 vs. 1.2). No other significant differences were found between the two age groups.
In terms of presence of comorbidities, patients under 65 years had significantly lower proportions of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, lung disease, gastrointestinal disease and malignancy. However, interestingly this group of patients had a higher proportion of depression (17.8% vs 13.3%).
Medication profile: At enrollment, patients under 65 years were significantly more likely to have used prior bDMARDs (31.4 vs.26.1%), and were more likely to be starting a new bDMARD (17.1 vs. 12.8%), or csDMARDs (38.6 vs. 35.6%). No difference in prior use of csDMARDs was found between the two groups.
Conclusion: In this real world data descriptive study, we found that disease activity measures were similar in patients under 65 years compared to those 65 years or older. However, sociodemographics, PROs , comorbidities, and medication profiles were different between two groups. These differences should be taken into account for any clinical decision toward outcome improvement in patients.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Movahedi M, Cesta A, Li X, Bombardier C. Sociodemographic, Disease, and Medication Profile of RA Patients Under 65 Years Compared with 65 Years or Older at Registry Enrollment: Real World Results from a Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020; 72 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/sociodemographic-disease-and-medication-profile-of-ra-patients-under-65-years-compared-with-65-years-or-older-at-registry-enrollment-real-world-results-from-a-rheumatoid-arthritis-cohort/. Accessed April 14, 2021.
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