Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-10:30AM
Background/Purpose: The lack of validated tools to predict rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease course warrants the development of new reliable biomarkers. We have previously detected increased semaphorin 4A (SEMA4A) expression in endothelial cells, synovial tissue, and serum of patients with RA. In addition, SEMA4A serum levels correlated with multiple clinical, biological, and power doppler ultrasound markers of disease activity and angiogenesis.
Our objective was to evaluate circulating SEMA4A for the prediction of disease progression in RA and study its association with response to therapy.
Methods: A first cohort from Paris, France, included between May 2016 and February 2018 101 consecutive RA patients followed up on an annual basis until August 2021. Baseline SEMA4A concentrations measured by quantitative ELISAs (Coud-Clone Corp, Katy, TX) were analyzed according to disease progression, defined by the occurrence of patient-reported flares and initiation or change of targeted therapy related to persistent disease activity. Increased SEMA4A concentrations were defined as values >94 ng/mL, as previously reported (Avouac et al, Arthritis Rheumatol 2021). A second cohort from Bordeaux, France, included consecutive RA patients who initiated new therapy because of insufficient disease control. The course of SEMA4A levels was studied between baseline and month 3 according to treatment response.
Results: A total of 101 patients (85 females, 84%) were included in the first cohort, with a mean age of 58±13 years and a mean disease duration of 14±11 years. During a follow-up period of 41±15 months, disease progression occurred in 26 patients.
Increased baseline SEMA4A levels were predictive of disease progression (hazard ratio, HR: 2.73, 95%CI 1.24-5.96, respectively) (Figure 1A). Multivariate Cox analyses confirmed that SEMA4A was an independent predictors of disease progression (HR: 2.71, 95%CI 1.14-6.43, respectively). SEMA4A remained predictive of disease progression in the 58 patients with a DAS28 < 3.2 at baseline (HR: 3.50, 95%CI 1.02-12.01, respectively).
SEM4A was also confirmed as an independent predictor of flares (n=38), together with the DAS28 and synovial hyperhemia. Baseline SEMA4A levels also identified more active and difficult to treat patients who maintained higher mean DAS28-CRP values during the follow-up period (Figure 1B).
A total of 40 patients (29 females, 73%) initiating new therapy (15 methotrexate and 25 tocilizumab) were included in the second cohort. These patients had a mean age of 57±14 years, a mean disease duration of 5±6 years. 4 patients experienced no treatment response, 10 had a moderate response and 26 a good response. SEMA4A concentrations were markedly decreased between m0 and m3 in the group of patients with good clinical response (Figure 1C).
Conclusion: Circulating SEMA4A is a robust biomarker of disease progression, associated with therapy responsiveness.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Avouac J, Vandebeuque E, Combier A, poiroux l, Steelandt A, Boisson M, Gonzalez V, Cauvet A, Barnetche T, Truchetet M, Richez C, Allanore Y. Predicting Value of Circulating Semaphorin 4A for Rheumatoid Arthritis Progression and Response to Treatment [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2022; 74 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/predicting-value-of-circulating-semaphorin-4a-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-progression-and-response-to-treatment/. Accessed .
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