Date: Monday, October 22, 2018
Session Title: Imaging of Rheumatic Diseases Poster II: Ultrasound
Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Finger extensor involvement (FET) at ultrasound examination (US) was previously described in patients suffering from early psoriatic arthritis. Contradictory results were published in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. We aimed to assess the involvement of FET in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients and in asymptomatic subjects (CTR)
Inclusion criteria for ERA patients were: less than 6 months since the ERA diagnosis; age >18 years; without DMARD treatment or oral glucorticoids at US examination. Inclusion criteria for CTRL subjects were : age >18 years; no pain in hands and fingers (VAS pain =0/100); no known rheumatic disease such a systemic diseases, rheumatoid, psoriatic arthritis, spondyloarthritis, hand osteoarthritis, gout, chondrocalcinosis; no psoriasis, no inflammatory bowel diseases. US assessments were performed blindly to the clinical and laboratory data. FET were assessed in longitudinal and in transverse view at the metacarpo phalangeal joint (MCP) and proximal phalangeal joint (PIP) level both in grey-scale (GS), power Doppler (PD) and in color Doppler (CD) mode. In addition the following joints were assessed for the presence and grade (0-3) of GS/PD synovitis
Sixty-two consecutive ERA patients and 34 CTR were included in this study. Mean age and gender distribution were comparable between ERA and CTR (47,3±14,5 vs. 43,4±12,5). ACPA were present in 61%, rheumatoid factor in 54% and bone erosions in 27% of ERA patients. 57% of ERA patients presented with FET and 0% of CTR (p<0.001). The delay between the first symptom and diagnosis, the DAS28CRP, SDAI, CDAI, CRP level, 44TJC, 44SJC, HAQ did not differ significantly between patients with FET involvement and those without. In univariate analysis, the presence of FET involvement was significantly associated with the presence of bone erosions (p=0.02), ACPA (p=0.002), rheumatoid factor (RF) (p=0.02) and tobacco use(p=0.02). In multivariate analysis, the presence of FET involvement was significantly associated with the presence of bone erosions (p=0.01), ACPA (p=0.001) and RF (p<0.01).
FET is relatively frequent in ERA patients and it is not present in asymptomatic subjects. Our results show that FET involvement is associated with the presence of ACPA, rheumatoid factor and bone erosions, thus identifying patients with possibly more aggressive or severe disease at baseline.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Maruseac M, Durez P, Nzeusseu Toukap A, Stoenoiu M. Finger Extensor Tendon Involvement Is Frequent in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/finger-extensor-tendon-involvement-is-frequent-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis/. Accessed February 18, 2020.
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