Date: Sunday, November 8, 2020
Session Type: Poster Session C
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: In FINCH 3, filgotinib (FIL)—a potent, selective, oral JAK1 inhibitor1—in combination with methotrexate (MTX), demonstrated significant improvements in signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) vs MTX alone in patients (pts) who were MTX-naïve.2 For pts with RA, rapid control of pain and fatigue along with maintenance of physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are important outcomes.3 Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can provide physicians with evidence to guide treatment decisions beyond guideline-recommended treatment targets of reducing immune inflammation to prevent joint damage, physical disability, and mortality.4 Here, we evaluated rate and magnitude of change in PROs assessing functional status, pain, HRQoL, and fatigue from FINCH 3 (NCT02886728).
Methods: Pts with active RA and MTX-naïve received FIL 200 mg daily+MTX, FIL 100 mg+MTX, FIL 200 mg+placebo (PBO), or MTX+PBO for up to 52 weeks. PROs, recorded prospectively, included HAQ-DI (functional status) and VAS pain scale (day 1, week [W]2, W4, W8, W12, W16, W20, W24, W30, W36, W44, W52), SF-36 (HRQoL), and FACIT-Fatigue (day 1, W4, W12, W24, W36, W52). The least squares mean of the change from baseline (CFB) at each time point up to W52 and p values (each FIL arm vs MTX) were analyzed using mixed-effects model for repeated measures.
For HAQ-DI, proportion of pts who achieved the minimum clinically important difference (MCID; reduction ≥0.22) between each FIL arm and MTX was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. P values for comparisons of PROs were not adjusted for multiplicity, except for HAQ-DI CFB at W24 for FIL 200 mg + MTX and FIL 100 mg + MTX vs MTX.
Results: Of 1249 pts randomized and treated (FIL 200 mg + MTX, n=416; FIL 100mg + MTX, n=207; FIL 200mg, n=210; MTX, n=416), 82.1% completed the study. Compared with MTX alone, a nominally significantly greater CFB in functional status and pain from W2 to W24 was observed in all FIL arms; the benefit was sustained from W30 to W52 (Fig 1). By W2, a nominally significantly greater proportion achieved the HAQ-DI MCID or greater (≥0.22) in all FIL arms (FIL 200 mg + MTX: 61.9%, p < 0.001; FIL 100 mg + MTX: 58.5%, p < 0.001; FIL 200 mg: 53.9%, p=0.004) compared with MTX (42.2%). By W8, ≥72% of pts in all FIL arms vs 63% of pts in the MTX arm achieved the HAQ-DI MCID; a numerically greater proportion of pts in FIL arms vs MTX achieved HAQ-DI MCID through W52. SF-36 physical component summary and FACIT-Fatigue scores were nominally significantly improved with FIL treatment vs MTX alone at various time points (Fig 2A, B). Improvements in SF-36 mental component summary scores were nominally significant for pts in all FIL arms vs MTX alone as early as W4, and the CFB reached at W12 for FIL arms was generally sustained up to W52 (Fig 2A).
Conclusion: For pts with moderate to severe RA who were MTX-naïve, FIL—with or without concomitant MTX—led to rapid and sustained improvements in functional status, pain, fatigue, and HRQoL, compared with MTX alone.
- Van Rompaey, et al. J Immunol. 2013;131:3568–77.
- Westhovens, et al. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019;71 (suppl 10):1606–8.
- Fautrel B, et al. Rheumatol Int. 2018;38:935–47.
- Smolen JS, et al. Ann Rheum Dis. 2017;76:960–77.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Alten R, Rigby W, Pechonkina A, Yin Z, Hasegawa K, Hendrikx T, Atsumi T, Westhovens R. Filgotinib Provided Rapid and Sustained Improvements in Functional Status, Pain, and Health Related Quality of Life, and Reduced Fatigue over Time in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Are Methotrexate-Naïve: Results from a Phase 3 Study [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020; 72 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/filgotinib-provided-rapid-and-sustained-improvements-in-functional-status-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-fatigue-over-time-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-are-methotr/. Accessed June 17, 2021.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/filgotinib-provided-rapid-and-sustained-improvements-in-functional-status-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-fatigue-over-time-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-are-methotr/