Session Type: ACR Concurrent Abstract Session
Session Time: 4:30PM-6:00PM
Background/Purpose: Recently it has been described that anti citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) can induce differentatiomn and activation of osteoclasts even before arthritis onset (1,2). The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of ACPA on periarticular and systemic bone mineral density (BMD) in a large population from an early arthritis (EA) clinic.
Methods: We analyzed data from patients belonging to PEARL (Princesa Early Arthritis Longitudinal) study. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment data were collected per protocol. BMD was meaasured at the first visit of the following up through dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) (Hologic ©QDR-4500) at lumbar spine (LS), hip, forearm and hand. ACPAs were determined by ELISA. Multivariable analysis was performed adjusting for coufinding variables such as sex, age and body mass index (BMI) was performed using generalized linear models with the command glm of STATA 12.
Results: We analyzed data from 474 patients (39.6% ACPA positive, 80% women). 56.1% of patients fullfiled the Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) 2010 Criteria at start of follow up. The other patients were undifferentiated arthritis, spondyloarthritis , connective tissue disease and other diagnostics. Median age at disease onset was 54 years [43 – 66 (p25 – p50)]. Symptom duration until BMD measurement was 5 months [6-8 (p25-p50)]. Median DAS28 in patients who fullfilled RA criteria was 4.98 [4-6 (p25-p50)] and 3.6 [3-4 (p25-p50)] in remaning patients. Likewise, HAQ score was higher in RA patients (median 0.750 vs 1.125 in non-RA group). However, neither of these two variables was significantly associated with baseline bone mass. We found ACPA positive patients had lower BMD in LS (beta coefficient – 0.025; p=0.051), femoral neck (coef. beta: -0.02; p=0.053) and total hip (coef. beta. – 0.017; p=0.1). This association was not observed in the nondominant hand or forearm.
Conclusion: Our data provide further support Schett at al suggesting that ACPA may induce systemic osteoporosis even at very early stages of the disease in absence of a long term inflammatory state. Subsequently, bone loss mass would extend to more localized areas in relation to the persistence of inflammatory activity.
1. George Schett et al. J Clin Invest. 2012;122(5):1791-1802; doi:10.1172/JCI60975.
2. George Schett et al. Ann Rheum Dis 2014 73: 854-860; doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202958
GRANTS: Red de Inflamación and Enfermedades Reumáticas (RIER, RD12/0009/0017), ISCIII (FIS PI12/01578) and Pfizer, España. * S Castañeda and I González-Álvaro share the direction of this work.
This work has been accepted in EULAR, Rome 2015 as publication in the Abstracts Book, pp: 982-3
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Llorente Cubas* I, Merino-Meléndez L, Ortiz Garcia AM, Escolano E, Velasco T, García E, Vicente-Rabaneda E, Garcia-Vadillo A, Garcia-Vicuña R, González-Alvaro* I, Castañeda* S. Effect of Anti Citrullinated Protein Antibodies on Periarticular and Systemic Bone Mass in Early Arthritis Patients [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015; 67 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/effect-of-anti-citrullinated-protein-antibodies-on-periarticular-and-systemic-bone-mass-in-early-arthritis-patients/. Accessed January 20, 2021.
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