Session Title: Cell-cell Adhesion, Cell Trafficking and Angiogenesis
Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ACR)
Background/Purpose: Syndecan-4 (sdc4) is a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Several studies have implicated sdc4 in cell-matrix adhesion, cell migration, differentiation, proliferation and play an important role during the inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. Modulation of inflammatory signals by sdc4 may occur either through mere binding of cytokines, in which case sdc4 acts as decoy receptor or through initiation of sdc-dependent signalling following sdc4 complex formation. While arthritic cartilage damage is decreased in sdc4-deficient mice most likely due to reduced sdc4 signaling, osteopontin- mediated liver damage has been shown to be increased in these mice due to the lack of scd4 decoy receptor function. Based on this dual effects of sdc4, we investigate if the loss of sdc4 changes the natural course of murine experimental colitis.
Methods: Colitis was induced in sdc4-/- mice and in C57BL/6 WT mice by DSS. The course of colitis was monitored by weight loss as well as assessment of colon length and blinded histological scoring of colonic changes at the end of the experiment. In addition, sdc4-/- and C57BL/6 WT mice were orally gavaged with 5×108 colony-forming units (CFU) of Citrobacter rodentium (C. rodentium). Fecal excretion of C. rodentiumand changes of body weight were monitored. At day 21 post infection, inflammatory changes of the colon were evaluated histologically.
Results: Beginning from day 5 after start of DSS-administration, sdc4-/- mice lost dramatically more body weight compared to WT animals (day 8: 24.8%±1.9 vs. 9.2%±3.1; p=0.008). In accordance with the increased loss of body weight, the colon length of sdc4-/- mice was significantly shortened (63.3 mm±2.4 vs. 74.8±2.3; p=0.01) and the histological damage according to the Dieleman-Score was markedly aggravated (16AU±3.7 vs. 3.4AU±0.2; p=0.016). At day 19 post infection, the fecal excretion of C. rodentium in sdc4-/- was prolonged compared to WT animals (2.5×105±6.8×103 vs. 9.6×103 ±6.5×102; p=0.01). Histological damage of colonic mucosa, reflected by lengthening of crypts, was increased in Sdc4-/-mice (14.3AU±1.3 vs. 10.2AU±0.9; p=0.03).
Conclusion: Our results show that like in inflammatory liver damage, sdc4 seems to have protective effects in intestinal inflammation. Future studies are needed to analyze the underlying mechanisms and to determine if these effects are due to a decoy receptor function of sdc4 or whether sdc4 complex formation and signalling is involved.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/the-loss-of-syndecan-4-aggravates-inflammatory-colitis-in-mice/