Session Title: Rehabilitation Sciences
Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ARHP)
Background/Purpose: Effective use of coping strategies by people with chronic pain conditions is associated with better functioning and adjustment to chronic disease. Although the effects of coping on pain have been well studied, less is known about how specific coping strategies relate to actual physical activity patterns in daily life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different coping strategies on symptoms and physical activity patterns in a sample of adults with knee and hip osteoarthritis (N = 44).
Methods: Physical activity was assessed by wrist-worn accelerometry; coping strategy use was assessed by the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory. We hypothesized that the use of coping strategies that reflect approach behaviors (e.g., Task Persistence), would be associated with higher average levels of physical activity, whereas avoidance coping behaviors (e.g., Resting, Asking for Assistance, Guarding) and Pacing would be associated with lower average levels of physical activity. We also evaluated whether coping strategies moderated the association between momentary symptoms (pain and fatigue) and activity. We hypothesized that higher levels of approach coping would be associated with a weaker association between symptoms and activity compared to lower levels of this type of coping. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze the momentary association between coping and physical activity.
Results: We found that higher body mass index, fatigue, and the use of Guarding were significantly related to lower activity levels, whereas Asking for Assistance was significantly related to higher activity levels. Only Resting moderated the association between pain and activity. Guarding, Resting, Task Persistence, and Pacing moderated the association between fatigue and activity.
Conclusion: This study provides an initial understanding of how people with osteoarthritis cope with symptoms as they engage in daily life activities using ecological momentary assessment and objective physical activity measurement.
S. L. Murphy,
D. A. Williams,
Eli Lilly and Company,
M. E. Geisser,
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/the-association-between-symptoms-pain-coping-strategies-and-physical-activity-among-people-with-symptomatic-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis/