Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which exocrine dysfunction can lead to chronic, debilitating dryness. Expression studies in SS have identified the dysregulated expression of coding and non-coding transcripts enriched in innate and adaptive immune response pathways, yet their relationship to clinical features of SS remains poorly understood. By applying statistical approaches to RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data for 3748 differentially expressed (DE; FC>2 or <0.5, q<0.05) transcripts in SS, we sought to identify transcripts whose expression correlates with objective dryness measures used in the 2002 American-European Consensus Group (AECG) SS classification criteria, including whole unstimulated salivary flow (WUSF), lissamine green (LiG) staining, and Schirmer’s (Sch) tear migration.
Methods: Normalized expression data from a whole blood SS RNA-seq study was obtained for 57 cases and 11 healthy controls who underwent multidisciplinary clinical evaluation for the 2002 AECG classification criteria. Objective dryness measures (WUSF, LiG, & Sch) were normalized by log2 transformation and correlation analysis (Spearman for WUSF and LiG; Pearson for Sch) was performed for each clinical measure against all 3748 DE transcripts. Both r or ρ and a FDR-corrected p-value, or q-value, were calculated. Significantly correlated transcripts were defined by q<0.05.
Results: For WUSF, the significant positive correlation between WUSF rate and the expression of 2 non-coding transcripts was observed: the small Cajal body-specific RNA 5 (SCARNA5; s=0.50, q=0.018) and the uncharacterized antisense lncRNA RP11-137H2.4 (s=0.50, q=0.018). For LiG, positive correlation was observed for 31 transcripts (0.42<s<0.51, 0.017<q<0.05) mostly represented by interferon-inducible (IFI) protein-coding genes (e.g. IFIT3, OAS3, and IRF7), although the pseudogene ZDHHC4P1 and its neighboring IFI gene EPSTI1 showed significant positive correlation. For LiG, the only negatively correlated transcript was the sodium bicarbonate transporter SCL4A10 (s=-0.43, q=0.045). For Sch, 3 transcripts (CARD16, HMGB2, and BLC2A1) were negatively correlated (-0.51<s<-0.49, 0.018<q<0.019), while IQCH was positively correlated (s=0.49, q=0.019).
Conclusion: We have identified SS-associated transcripts whose expression correlates with clinical measures of dryness. For WUSF, the ncRNA SCARNA5 is situated within an intron of the Crohn’s disease-associated gene autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1). Although IFI genes have previously shown correlation with WUSF, the ZDHHC4P1 pseudogene could regulate neighboring SS-associated IFI gene EPSTI1. For Sch, CARD16 is a caspase inhibitor that influences apoptotic responses that induces NF-kB activation in inflammation, while BLC2A1 has been shown to slow apoptotic responses. Further transcript characterization will allow us to assess their potential as biomarkers or surrogates of objective clinical measures for SS.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Ice JA, Adrianto I, Rasmussen A, Grundahl K, Joachims ML, Wiley GB, Kelly JA, Houston GD, Lewis DM, Radfar L, Stone DU, Segal BM, Rhodus NL, Guthridge JM, Chodosh J, Gopalakrishnan R, Huang AJW, Hughes PJ, Rohrer MD, James JA, Montgomery CG, Scofield RH, Gaffney P, Sivils KL, Lessard CJ. Sjogren’s Syndrome-Associated Transcripts Show Correlation with Objective Measures of Dryness [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/sjogrens-syndrome-associated-transcripts-show-correlation-with-objective-measures-of-dryness/. Accessed December 1, 2020.
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