Session Type: ACR Poster Session C
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: KL-6 is a glycoprotein expressed on and released from type 2 alveolar cells and the measurement of KL-6 in serum was developed by Kohno et al (Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1993). Serum levels of KL-6 have been reported to be higher in ILD (Ohnishi H, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002) and be a predictor of prognosis of ILD (Yokiyama A, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998). We also reported that serum levels of KL-6 increased when ILD exacerbated after administration of TNF-inhibitors in RA (Nakashita T, BMJ open 2014). Normal range of serum KL-6 is less than 500 U/ml and serum level of more than 1,000 U/ml is a predictor of poor prognosis. However, we have noticed that in some patients serum KL-6 levels are sustained in high levels even when the activity of ILD deceased. We tried to detect the factors that contribute in sustaining serum KL-6 levels high.
Methods: Subjects were 98 patients including 52 RA, 19 diffuse SSc, and 27 limited SSc. These patients fulfilled the following requirements; 1. presence of ILD proved by chest CT, 2. no changes in chest CT findings for more than 2 years, 3. less than 5 % changes in % VC for more than 2 years, suggesting that the ILD is stable during the period. Serum KL-6 levels were checked periodically, every 2 – 6 months, from the first visit to our department. Nine variables were checked including diagnosis (RA, d-SSc, l-SSC), age, gender, ILD pattern (UIP, NSIP, organizing pneumonia), ILD grade (1 – 3 according to Nakashita), % VC, peak serum KL-6 value, peripheral blood eosinophil count, ANA titer, and RF titer. These variables were statistically analyzed.
Results: Serum KL-6 value was highest in d-SSc followed by l-SSc and RA; the mean values were 776 U/ml, 439 U/ml, and 371 U/ml, respectively (p < 0.0001). % VC values were lowest in d-SSc followed by l-SSc and RA; the mean values were 90.1 %, 98.9 %, and 107.2 %, respectively (p < 0.02). Multivariate analysis was done using 10 variables to extract factors that contribute to discriminate 2 groups, i.e. a very high KL-6 group (KL-6 >= 900 U/ml) and another group (KL6 < 900 U/ml). In a very high KL-6 group included 10 patients. Factors that contribute to discriminate 2 groups (p < 0.1) were diagnosis (RA, d-SSc or l-SSc), % VC, and peak serum KL-6 values. Multiple regression analysis was also done. Multiple regression coefficient was moderately high (0.78), but significant regression factors were diagnosis and peak KL-6 value.
Conclusion: Patients with d-SSc, low % VC and high peak KL-6 value tend to show high serum KL-6 values even when ILD is not active. Our results can contribute to avoid aggressive treatment for patients with stable but very high serum KL-6 levels.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Nakashita T, Motojima S, Jibatake A, Yoshida A, Yamamoto Y. Serum Level of KL-6, a Biomarker of Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), Is Higher in Diffuse SSc Than in Limited SSc and RA Even When the Activity of ILD Is Low [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/serum-level-of-kl-6-a-biomarker-of-interstitial-lung-disease-ild-is-higher-in-diffuse-ssc-than-in-limited-ssc-and-ra-even-when-the-activity-of-ild-is-low/. Accessed May 22, 2019.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/serum-level-of-kl-6-a-biomarker-of-interstitial-lung-disease-ild-is-higher-in-diffuse-ssc-than-in-limited-ssc-and-ra-even-when-the-activity-of-ild-is-low/