Session Type: Poster Session (Tuesday)
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
TNFi subtypes have differential placental transfer, with some reaching higher fetal than maternal blood levels. Thus, certain TNFi subtypes could cause immunosuppression in the offspring. However, to date, there is no data on the risk of serious infections according to TNFi subtypes. We evaluated serious infections in a large group of children born to mothers with chronic inflammatory diseases who used TNFi during pregnancy. Our comparators were unexposed offspring born to affected and unaffected mothers. We determined if the risk of serious infections differed according to TNFi subtypes.
We identified all women with ≥1 hospitalization for delivery after a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriasis (PsO), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), or inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and a randomly selected group of unaffected mothers, matched ≥4:1 for age, year of delivery, and state of residence, using MarketScan database (2011-2016). We defined TNFi exposure based on ≥1 filled prescription and/or infusion procedure code during pregnancy and/or the preconception period. We further refined TNFi exposure based on potential for high (infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab) vs low (certolizumab, etanercept) placental transfer. We ascertained serious infections in offspring based on ≥1 hospitalization with infection in the 1st year of life. We performed multivariable analyses, adjusting for maternal demographics, disease type, co-morbidities, pregnancy complications, and drugs.
We identified 16,490 offspring of mothers with RA (4,142), AS (381), PsO/PsA (5,743), and IBD (6,731), as well as 164,553 children born to unaffected mothers. Among offspring whose mothers had inflammatory diseases, 1,611 (9.8%) were exposed to TNFi during pregnancy, 338 (2.0%) were unexposed during pregnancy but exposed in the preconception period, and 14,541 (88.2%) were unexposed both during the pregnancy and preconception periods. The percent of serious infections in offspring of inflammatory disease mothers with no TNFi exposure (2.1%; 95% CI 1.9, 2.3) was similar to those with TNFi exposure (2.3%; 95% CI 1.6, 3.0), while the percent of serious infections in children born to unaffected mothers was 1.6% (95% CI 1.6, 1.7). In offspring exposed to TNFi with high placental transfer, the percent of serious infections was 2.3% (95% CI 1.6, 3.3), while for TNFi with low transfer, it was 1.7% (95% CI 1.0, 3.1). In multivariable analyses, we did not observe an increased risk of serious infections in TNFi-exposed offspring vs unexposed offspring of mothers with inflammatory diseases (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.7, 1.5). Results were similar when we restricted TNFi exposure to the 3rd trimester (OR 1.1; 95% CI 0.7, 1.7). In multivariable analyses of children exposed to TNFi with high vs low placental transfer, our point estimate was consistent with increased risk, but the CI was wide, including the null value (OR 1.43; 95% CI 0.66, 3.08).
When we compared the risk of serious infections in offspring exposed to TNFi with high vs low placental transfer, we observed a potential trend for an increased risk, although the CI was wide and included the null value. Our findings stress the need to further study this issue.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Vinet E, St-Pierre Y, Moura C, Curtis J, Bernatsky S. Risk of Serious Infections in Offspring According to TNFi Subtypes [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019; 71 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/risk-of-serious-infections-in-offspring-according-to-tnfi-subtypes/. Accessed September 21, 2020.
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