Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-10:30AM
Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the association between changes in disease activity during pregnancy and pregnancy outcome by analyzing a case series of polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM) complicated pregnancies in a single center.
Methods: PM/DM patients who were managed from pregnancy to delivery at Kagawa University Hospital from March 2006 to May 2022 were included in this study by using rheumatic disease patient pregnancy registry. We collected the data from medical record, and retrospectively evaluated the association between disease activity during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes.
Results: Mean age at delivery was 29.5±4.7 years old, and mean disease duration was 5.1±3.5 years. Glucocorticoid (GC) was administered in eight cases, and mean dose of GC was 10.1±5.9 mg/day. We needed to increase GC dose because disease was worsened in three cases, and myositis occurred in one case. Immunosuppressants were continued in three cases. The pregnancy outcomes were one spontaneous abortion and nine live births. There were two preterm births and five low birth weight, with mean gestational age at delivery of 36.1±4.9 weeks and mean birth weight of 2362.9±914.2 gram. Five PM/DM cases had adverse pregnancy outcomes (one spontaneous abortion, one HELLP syndrome, two preterm births and three low birth weights); these cases had sustained elevation of CPK levels and increased glucocorticoid doses. Pregnancies with myositis tended to have more adverse pregnancy outcomes. In these cases, disease activity increased, which suggests it leads to improve pregnancy outcomes to control disease activities.
Conclusion: Although the present study was based on a small number of pregnancies PM/DM (10 cases), the prognosis of the pregnancies did not appear to be good. It was also suggested that there was the association between the dose of glucocorticoids administered during pregnancy and the risk of developing APOs. As in pregnancies with other rheumatic diseases, continued use of pregnancy-compatible medication and control of disease activity with lower glucocorticoid doses in PM/DM pregnancies may be important to achieve good pregnancy outcomes.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Mino R, Shimada H, Wakiya R, nakashima s, Kato M, miyagi t, Ushio Y, Chujo K, Kameda T, Dobashi H. Pregnancy Course and Outcomes of Patients with Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis (PM/DM) in Our Institution [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2022; 74 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/pregnancy-course-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-polymyositis-and-dermatomyositis-pm-dm-in-our-institution/. Accessed .
« Back to ACR Convergence 2022
ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/pregnancy-course-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-polymyositis-and-dermatomyositis-pm-dm-in-our-institution/