Session Type: ACR Concurrent Abstract Session
Session Time: 4:30PM-6:00PM
Background/Purpose: The risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is significantly increased in systemic SLE compared to age and gender matched controls. The implementation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis has allowed for the analysis of novel biomarkers of CVD, including assessment of lipoprotein particle counts/size as well as serum glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA) levels. GlycA is a proinflammatory biomarker that predicts 5 year all cause mortality and incident CVD in the general population. GlycA levels reflect the abundance of mobile N-acetyl sugar groups found in glycoproteins in circulating blood. We assessed the association of lipoprotein profiles and serum GlycA levels with vascular function, arterial inflammation, coronary plaque and lupus disease activity.
Methods: Clinical and demographic characteristics, SLE disease activity (by SLEDAI), damage accrual (by SLICC), Framingham risk score (FRS), and metabolic parameters were recorded at each visit. SLE (n=54) and matched healthy controls(n=32) underwent vascular function assessments by measuring peripheral arterial tonometry of the microvasculature (EndoPAT), arterial stiffness using a cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and SphygmoCor, aortic inflammation by 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (FDG-PET/CT), and quantification of plaque by coronary CT angiogram (CTA). Lipoprotein profiles and GlycA levels were obtained by NMR analysis.
Results: Lupus and control individuals did not differ in gender, tobacco use, standard lipid profile or FRS but had higher prevalence of insulin resistance and BMI. Mean SLEDAI score was 3.5 ± 2.9. HDL, medium HDL and IDL particle counts were lower in SLE compared to controls (p<0.001), whereas medium VLDL particle counts and GlycA levels were significantly increased in SLE (p =0.034 and <0.001 respectively) when compared to controls. Among SLE patients, HDL particles negatively correlated with SLEDAI (r= -0.33, p=0.015) and non-calcified plaque by CTA (r= -0.29, p=0.003), VLDL particles positively correlated with non-calcified plaque (r=0.24, p=0.015) and arterial inflammation (r=0.36, p=0.014). Within SLE patients,
Conclusion: SLE individuals demonstrate significant increases in serum GlycA levels and a proatherogenic lipoprotein profile, even when lupus disease activity is low, in association with CVD risk markers. Future longitudinal analysis will assess the clinical implications of these findings and role of these tests as biomarkers of CVD in SLE.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Sakhardande S, Purmalek M, Temesgen-Oyelakin Y, Sampson M, Joshi A, Fike A, Davis M, Salahuddin T, Natarajan B, Lerman J, Manna ZG, Dey A, Chen M, Hasni S, Mehta NN, Remaley A, Kaplan M. Lipoprotein Profile and Serum Glycoprotein Acetylation As Markers of Cardiovascular Risk in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/lipoprotein-profile-and-serum-glycoprotein-acetylation-as-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus/. Accessed March 29, 2020.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/lipoprotein-profile-and-serum-glycoprotein-acetylation-as-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus/