Date: Monday, October 22, 2018
Session Title: Rheumatoid Arthritis – Etiology and Pathogenesis Poster II
Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Neoangiogenesis is a crucial event to promote the development of the hyperplasic proliferative pathologic synovium in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ultrasound (US) is sensitive for detection of power Doppler (PD) vascularization. Our aim was to explore the associations between a set of complementary circulating angiogenic markers reflecting different angiogenic processes and a comprehensive US assessment in patients with RA.
Methods: Serum levels of eight angiogenic markers (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), Placenta Growth Factor (PlGF), Tie-2, Angiopoietin-1, soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), Interleukin-8 (IL-8, CXCL8), CYR61 (CCN1) and Angiostatin), reflecting endothelial cell activation, proliferation, survival, growth and migration, as well as vessel maturation and stabilization,were measured by quantitativeELISAs in a total of 125 patients with RA, who were all systematically assessed in parallel by PDUS, performed on 32 joints.
Results: Synovitis was detected in 84 patients with RA (67.2%). Among these patients, 53 patients (42.4%) had positive Doppler signal, including 31 with moderate to marked hyperemia. Serum levels of soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) (808±293 ng/mL vs. 697±240 ng/mL, P=0.022) and Tie-2 (16.2±7.5 ng/mL vs. 13.8±4.9 ng/mL, P=0.038), were more likely to be increased in patients with synovial hyperemia detected on at least one joint (Power Doppler grade ≥1). sVCAM-1, Tie-2 and Angiostatin concentrations gradually increased together with the grade of the semiquantitative PDUS scale and concentrations of these three markers were markedly increased in patients with moderate to marked hyperemia (Power Doppler grade 2 and 3). Levels of sVCAM-1 (r=0.20, P=0.028), Tie-2 (r=0.28,P=0.001), and Angiostatin (r=0.25, P=0.006) correlated with aglobal arthritis sum score, defined by the sum of the semiquantitative PDUS scores for all joints examined.
Among the 81 patients with a DAS28-CRP ≤3.2, 22 patients had synovial hyperemia detected on at least one joint (Power Doppler grade 1 in 13 patients, grade 2 in 6 patients and grade 3 in 3 patients). Patients with synovial hyperemia on at least one joint were more likely to have significantly increased levels of PlGF (18.9±11.2 pg/mL vs. 13.1±9.5 pg/mL, P=0.022) and Tie-2 (15.7±5.8 ng/mL vs. 12.6±3.4 ng/mL, P=0.004) than patients with absence of synovial hyperemia.
Conclusion: Serum levels of the angiogenic markers Tie-2, sVCAM-1 and Angiostatin were strongly associated with synovial vascularization and inflammation assessed by PDUS among patients with established RA. Moreover, Tie-2 and PlGF were associated with persistent disease activity in RA patients in mow disease activity. These findings suggest that it may possible to find surrogate serum angiogenic biomarkers of active synovitis that might replace PDUS examination, in case of further confirmation of their pertinence.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Leblond A, Pezet S, Trouvin AP, Elhai M, Gonzalez V, Allanore Y, Avouac J. Linking Systemic Angiogenic Markers to Synovial Vascularization in Rheumatoid Arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/linking-systemic-angiogenic-markers-to-synovial-vascularization-in-rheumatoid-arthritis/. Accessed February 3, 2023.
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