Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) have a higher prevalence of comorbidities, compared to the general population. The presence of such comorbidities has been directly associated with an increased disease activity. However, little is known about the impact of comorbidities in the therapeutic response and in the retention rate. Objectives: a) To evaluate the effect of comorbidities on the first biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) effectiveness in patients with RA after 2 years of follow-up, and b) to determine the influence of such comorbidities on the first bDMARD retention rate.
Methods: The study population consisted of patients with a diagnosis of RA and exposed to a first bDMARDs, included in BIOBADASER. BIOBADASER is a prospective, large national drug safety registry of patients with rheumatic diseases exposed to b- or tsDMARDs. Patients were classified in two groups at baseline according to the Charlson Comorbidity index (CCI) score: < 3 and ≥3. Patients achieving remission (DAS28< 2.6) at 1 and 2-years timepoints after the anti-TNF initiation were compared between the two groups using chi-square test. The absolute DAS28 score over time was compared between both groups of patients using a linear regression model adjusted for sex and age, and considering the follow-up visit as covariate. Finally, the first bDMARD retention rate was compared between patients < 3 and ≥3 using Log-Rank test and Kaplan-Meier curve.
Results: A total of 1253 patients initiating bDMARD were included (76.6% female and mean age 56 years at the beginning of therapy). Overall, 107 (9%) patients had a CCI ≥3, being diabetes the most frequent comorbidity (5.0%). No differences were found in DAS28< 2.6 between patients with CCI< 3 and CCI≥3 after 1 year of follow-up (48.2% vs. 44.2%, p-value=0.457), nor after 2 years (50.8% vs. 40.7%, p-value=0.135). The linear regression model showed significant higher scores in DAS28 over the two years in patients with a CCI ≥3 after adjusting for age and sex (beta coefficient 0.27, 95%CI: 0.02-0.51; p-value=0.034). Finally, no differences in the bDMARD retention rate were found between both groups (median 2.6 years [IQR: 1.5-4.1] in CCI< 3 vs. 2.1 years [IQR: 0.6-3.7] in CCI≥3; log rank test p-value 0.467) (Figure).
Conclusion: These data suggest that a higher CCI in patients with RA is associated with greater DAS28 scores during the first two years after bDMARD initiation, although no differences in remission status were found. In addition, a slightly shorter retention rate was found in patients with CCI≥3, although the difference was non-significant. These results suggest a lower probability of disease activity control in patients with comorbidities after the initiation of bDMARD.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:López Medina C, Calvo J, Otero-Valera L, Escudero Contreras A, Ortega Castro R, Ladehesa Pineda L, Campos C, Bernabeu-Gonzálvez P, Bohorquez C, Garcia Dorta A, Ruiz-Montesinos D, Pombo Suarez M, Ros I, Alonso F, Castrejon I. Impact of Comorbidities on the First bDMARD Effectiveness and Retention Rate After 2 Years of Follow-up in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Data from the Spanish Registry BIOBADASER [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2023; 75 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/impact-of-comorbidities-on-the-first-bdmard-effectiveness-and-retention-rate-after-2-years-of-follow-up-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-data-from-the-spanish-registry-biobadaser/. Accessed .
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