Session Type: Poster Session D
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the sacroiliac joints are critical to the diagnosis of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. However, some lesions, such as bone marrow edema (BME), usually observed in patients with spondyloarthritis may be encountered in other conditions. BME have been described in patients with nonspecific back pain, healthy subjects, women with postpartum and in athletes. Moreover, it has recently been shown that structural lesions of the sacroiliac joint, such as erosions and fat metaplasia, may be present in healthy subjects.
To evaluate and compare the frequency and location of lesions (BME, subchondral condensation, fat metaplasia, erosions and ankylosis) on MRIs of the sacroiliac joint of healthy individuals and patients with spondyloarthritis.
Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at the University Hospital of Besançon including 200 patients, each having received an MRI of the sacroiliac joints in coronal section and in T1 and Semicoronal short tau inversion recovery sequences. Two experienced readers evaluated the whole set of images to detect erosions, subchondral condensation, fat metaplasia, BME and ankylosis according to the definitions established by the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis MRI working group. We subdivided a sacroiliac joint into three segments, upper, medium and lower along the cranio-caudal axis. Within the middle segment, we retained 3 portions: anterior, intermediate, posterior along the ventro-dorsal axis. Overall, one sacroiliac joint contained five quadrants on the iliac side and five quadrants on the sacral side. Thus, there were 20 quadrants defined for the two sacroiliac joints of each patient.
Results: Collected MRI of 200 patients (62% female), 96 patients had spondyloarthritis (mean age 37.4±11.8 years, 48% HLA-B27+), 104 subjects were unaffected by the disease (mean age 39.9±11.6 years, 11% HLA-B27+). Of the 96 spondyloarthritis patients, 62 (65%) had inflammatory buttock pain compared to 26 (25%) in the group without spondyloarthritis. BME was seen in 62 (65%) patients with spondyloarthritis mainly in the iliac quadrant of the intermediate middle segment and in 21 (20%) patients without spondyloarthritis predominantly in the antero-middle quadrant. There were equal BME in women and men with spondyloarthritis. Subchondral condensation occurred in 45% of patients without spondyloarthritis, mostly in the antero-middle quadrant and in 36% of patients with spondyloarthritis. Fat metaplasia was present in 35% of spondyloarthritis patients and in 23% of control patients. Erosions were seen in 31% of healthy patients and in 61% of patients with spondyloarthritis.
Conclusion: In this large retrospective cohort, we observed a significant frequency of inflammatory but also structural lesions on MRIs of sacroiliacs joints from healthy patients, which could lead to the misdiagnosis of spondyloarthritis. Fine identification of the location of these lesions is crucial to avoid erroneous diagnosis.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Hecquet S, Lustig J, Verhoeven F, Chouk M, Aubry S, Wendling D, Prati C. Frequency and Anatomic Distribution of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Lesions in the Sacro-iliac Joints of Healthy Subjects and Patients with Spondyloarthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020; 72 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/frequency-and-anatomic-distribution-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-lesions-in-the-sacro-iliac-joints-of-healthy-subjects-and-patients-with-spondyloarthritis/. Accessed July 31, 2021.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/frequency-and-anatomic-distribution-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-lesions-in-the-sacro-iliac-joints-of-healthy-subjects-and-patients-with-spondyloarthritis/