Session Title: Orthopedics, Low Back Pain, and Rehabilitation
Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ACR)
Background/Purpose: Both total knee replacement (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR) reliably relieve pain, restore function, and ensure mobility in patients with advanced joint arthritis; however these results are not uniform across all patient populations. Previous studies have shown baseline differences between patients undergoing TKR and THR. We compared baseline demographic and symptom profiles in a national research consortium of advanced OA patients undergoing primary TKR and THR to evaluate these differences.
Methods: Patients undergoing primary TKR and THR between 7/1/2011 and 3/30/2012 were identified from the national research consortium which collects comprehensive data on enrolled patients from 89 surgeons across 27 states. Gathered data includes patient demographics, comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index), operative joint pain severity, physical function (SF-36; Physical Component Score (PCS)), emotional health (SF-36 Mental Component Score (MCS)), and musculoskeletal burden of illness ( Hip and Knee Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores;Oswestry Disability Index. Descriptive statistics compared baseline demographic and symptom profiles.
Results: Our analysis compared 1362 primary TKR patients and 1013 primary THR patients. TKR patients were significantly older (66.5 vs. 64.3 years), more obese (BMI 31.7 vs. 29.3), and less educated (p<0.005). TKR patients had higher rates of comorbidities, specifically diabetes, gastrointestinal ulcers, and cerebrovascular disease (p≤0.006). THR patients had significantly worse physical function (PCS 31.6 vs. 33.3), lower back pain (35.6% vs. 30.5% moderate-severe), and operative joint pain, stiffness, and function (p<0.005).
Conclusion: Patients undergoing primary TKR are older with more comorbidities, however THR patient baseline functional and musculoskeletal disability are significantly greater than primary TKR patients, which may help explain the variability in results shown after primary TKR as compared to primary THR.
P. D. Franklin,
L. R. Harrold,
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/differences-in-baseline-characteristics-between-tkr-and-thr-patients-results-from-a-national-research-consortium/