Session Type: Poster Session D
Session Time: 1:00PM-3:00PM
Background/Purpose: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disorder associated with pain, disability, and joint damage. There is a large unmet need for safe and efficacious treatments for treatment of symptoms and structural modification. Lorecivivint (LOR), an intra-articular (IA) CLK/DYRK inhibitor that modulates Wnt and inflammatory pathways, is in development as a potential treatment for knee OA. The primary objective of this trial was to assess the safety and tolerability of repeated 6-month dosing of LOR in a 104-week trial (OA-06, NCT03727022). Additionally, this trial sought to characterize juxta-articular bone health using quantitative computed tomography (qCT) and regional bone health via dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
Methods: Participants with ACR-defined clinical and radiographic OA, aged 40-80, and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grades 2-3 were randomized 1:1 to receive IA injections of 2 mL 0.07 mg LOR or vehicle PBO at baseline, 24 weeks, 52 weeks, and 72 weeks (4 injections total). The trial was conducted in two 52-week phases, part A (baseline through week 52) and part B (week 53 through week 104), with part A completers invited to part B. General safety was assessed by physical examinations, clinical laboratory tests, collection of adverse events (AEs), and serious AEs (SAEs). Bone safety assessments included qCT (standardized by use of a calibration phantom) to assess BMD in both target and non-target knee, bone and cartilage biomarkers, and DXA to assess spine and hip BMD. Exploratory efficacy was assessed by patient-reported outcomes (PROs). For bone imaging endpoints, change from baseline was estimated using baseline-adjusted ANCOVA.
Results: 101 participants (mean age 60.9±9.1 years, BMI 28.6±3.7 kg/m2, female 59.4%, KL2 52.5%) were enrolled. 77 participants completed part A and 53 completed part B. AE rates were similar between PBO and LOR, and no SAEs were deemed related to treatment. There were no clinical signals for change in bone health, with no fractures, accelerated OA, or osteoporosis observed in LOR or PBO. Observed target knee BMD values as assessed by qCT were similar between LOR and PBO (Figure 1). There were no effects of repeated injection on rates of change in BMDs; the change from baseline in BMD at Week 104 was -7.08 (12.34) mg/cm2 in LOR and -2.95 (8.65) mg/cm2 in PBO, (estimated difference -4.05 [95% CI -11.21, 3.11], not significant). Trends in target knee BMD in those with potentially higher risk of decreasing bone density, female and age [65-80], showed no meaningful differences between LOR and PBO. There were no significant differences in total hip or spine BMD between the LOR and placebo treatment groups.
Potential confounding factors included baseline imbalances in sex (PBO 68.0% vs. LOR 51.0% female), KL grade (PBO 62.0% vs LOR 42.1% KL 2), and site randomization. There were no meaningful differences in PRO changes between LOR and PBO groups. A trial conduct limitation was the small number of qCT-enabled sites available in the US.
Conclusion: The incidence of AEs was similar between treatment groups and not affected by repeated injections of LOR. Multiple injections of LOR over 2 years did not appear to lead to any bone health adverse effects locally around the knee or regionally at spine or hip.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Yazici Y, Swearingen C, Ghandehari H, Britt J, simsek i, Fineman M, Kennedy S, Tambiah J, Lane N. A Phase 2, 104-Week Study of Repeat Lorecivivint Injections Evaluating Safety, Efficacy, and Bone Health Utilizing Quantitative Computed Tomography (qCT) in Knee Osteoarthritis (OA-06) [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2022; 74 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/a-phase-2-104-week-study-of-repeat-lorecivivint-injections-evaluating-safety-efficacy-and-bone-health-utilizing-quantitative-computed-tomography-qct-in-knee-osteoarthritis-oa-06/. Accessed .
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