Session Type: ACR Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: The 2010-ACR/EULAR criteria were derived to classify RA earlier in time. Previous studies indeed observed that the 2010-criteria were fulfilled earlier than the 1987-criteria. This study determined whether the 2010-criteria perform equally in early detection of autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative RA.
Methods: From the total Leiden-EAC (n=3448) and ESPOIR (n=813) RA-patients who fulfilled the 1987-RA criteria at 1-year but not at presentation were selected (n=515 and n=53, respectively). These RA-patients were studied on the presence of ACPA and RF, and on fulfilling the 2010-criteria at baseline, as 2010-positivity indicated that these RA-patients were earlier identified.
Results: In the EAC, 67% of the selected RA-patients did already fulfil the 2010-criteria at baseline. In ESPOIR this was 57%, indeed demonstrating early classification with the 2010-criteria. Among the selected autoantibody-positive RA-patients of the EAC, 85% was identified at baseline already with the 2010-criteria. Within autoantibody-negative RA this was 45% (p<0.001). Similarly within autoantibody-positive RA-patients in ESPOIR 92% was 2010-positive at baseline, whereas this was only 25% within autoantibody-negative RA (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The 2010-criteria perform well in the early identification of autoantibody-positive RA, but autoantibody-negative RA-patients are still frequently missed with these criteria. This implies that other diagnostics are required for ACPA-negative patients.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Boeters DM, Gaujoux-Viala C, Constantin A, van der Helm-van Mil AHM. The 2010 ACR/EULAR Criteria Are Not Sufficiently Accurate in the Early Identification of Autoantibody-Negative Rheumatoid Arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/the-2010-acreular-criteria-are-not-sufficiently-accurate-in-the-early-identification-of-autoantibody-negative-rheumatoid-arthritis/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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