Session Title: Biology and Pathology of Bone and Joint
Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ACR)
Methods: We enrolled those patients who were admitted to participating hospitals for treatment of rheumatic diseases and started immunosuppressive therapy with corticosteroids, conventional immunosuppressants, or biologics. Observation was stopped either 12 months after enrollment, or the day a patient developed predefined pulmonary infection or was lost-to- follow up, whichever came first. The validity of the diagnosis for pulmonary infection was assessed by an event-monitoring committee. We collected demographic data and clinical data for rheumatic diseases at baseline, data for candidate risk factors for pulmonary infection at baseline and month 6, and usage of drugs throughout the observation period. Risk factors for pulmonary infection were investigated by univariate and multivariate analyses.
Results: Of 766 patients enrolled, 668 patients (87.2%) were observed for 12 months, 32 patients (4.2%) died, and 66 (8.6%) patients were lost-to-follow up by month 12. Sixty-one patients (8.0%) developed pulmonary infection: bacterial pneumonia, 25; Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, 20; fungal pneumonia, 5; cytomegalovirus pneumonia, 3; tuberculosis, 3; others, 5. Kaplan-Meier curves showed a significantly lower cumulative survival rate in patients with pulmonary infection compared to those without pulmonary infection (p<0.01, log-rank test). Because treatment for RA patients without active extra-articular manifestation (articular RA patients, n=145) was significantly different from that for the rest of the patients, we performed multivariate analyses using COX hazard regression models in all patients (n=766) and in these patients excluding articular RA patients (n=621) (Table 1). Older age (≥65 years-old), higher Brinkman index (≥400), higher serum creatinine (sCr) level, and higher maximum prednisolone dose (mg/kg/day) during the first two weeks of treatment were significantly associated with development of pulmonary infection in all patients. Older age, higher Brinkman index, higher sCr level, and disturbed performance status were significantly associated with development of pulmonary infection in patients excluding articular RA patients.
Conclusion: This is the first large-scale, prospective study identifying risk factors for pulmonary infection in patients with rheumatic diseases in the literature. Prophylactic measures should be taken accordingly for better benefit-risk balance of treatment.
M. J. Duryee,
J. R. O’Dell,
T. R. Mikuls,
G. M. Thiele,
L. W. Klassen,
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/quantitative-analysis-of-bone-damage-morphological-changes-in-the-citrullinated-collagen-induced-arthritis-mouse-model-using-micro-ct/