Date: Sunday, November 7, 2021
Session Type: Poster Session B
Session Time: 8:30AM-10:30AM
Background/Purpose: Tocilizumab, a biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, is a recombinant humanized monoclonal immunoglobulin G1 antibody against the interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R). MSB11456 is a proposed biosimilar to US-licensed tocilizumab and EU-approved tocilizumab. Prior to initiation of its clinical development program, MSB11456 was considered highly similar to the reference products based on extensive in vitro pharmacological testing and functional activity assays. This double-blind, parallel-group phase I study (NCT03282851) assessed the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) equivalence of MSB11456 to US-licensed and EU-approved tocilizumab and provided data on the similarity of safety profiles and immunogenicity of MSB11456 and the reference products in healthy adult subjects.
Methods: Healthy adult volunteers were randomized to receive a single 162 mg subcutaneous injection of MSB11456, US-licensed tocilizumab, or EU-approved tocilizumab. Samples for PK/PD and immunogenicity analysis were taken predose, up to 29 days postdose, and at the end of study visit (day 48). Primary endpoint PK parameters were natural log transformed and analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) methods; results were then transformed back to the original scale. Secondary PD analysis measured serum soluble IL-6R and serum C reactive protein (sCRP) parameters, and data were analyzed using a method similar to that for PK data. Safety data were collected throughout the study and analyzed descriptively.
Results: 685 subjects were randomized and treated. Results of the primary PK analysis demonstrated bioequivalence between MSB11456 and both US-licensed and EU-approved tocilizumab, as well as between the reference products, since all corresponding 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the geometric least squares mean (LSM) ratios were within the predefined 80.00% to 125.00% equivalence margin (Table). PD analyses also demonstrated equivalence of MSB11456 and both US-licensed and EU-approved tocilizumab, as well as between the reference products. Safety, tolerability and immunogenicity were also comparable between treatments. The incidence of tocilizumab-specific neutralizing antibodies was low (< 3% for all three products).
Conclusion: PK and PD equivalence of MSB11456, US-licensed tocilizumab, and EU-approved tocilizumab were demonstrated with comparable immunogenicity, safety, and tolerability for the three products. This study adds to the totality of evidence in support of MSB11456 as a proposed biosimilar to tocilizumab.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Schwabe C, Wynne C, Illes A, Ullmann M, Vincent E, Ghori V, Petit-Frere C, Racault A, Monnet J. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Evaluation of a Proposed Biosimilar MSB11456 versus Both the US-licensed and EU-approved Tocilizumab: Results of a Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Single-dose Trial in Healthy Adults [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2021; 73 (suppl 9). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-a-proposed-biosimilar-msb11456-versus-both-the-us-licensed-and-eu-approved-tocilizumab-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-parallel-group-single/. Accessed December 4, 2022.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-a-proposed-biosimilar-msb11456-versus-both-the-us-licensed-and-eu-approved-tocilizumab-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-parallel-group-single/