Session Type: ACR Poster Session C
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Screening for osteoporosis is crucial in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The aim of this study was to assess the value of thoraco-abdomino-pelvic CT-derived bone mineral density (BMD) results in L1, compared to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) results for osteoporosis screening in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Consecutive RA patients who underwent a CT-scan and DXA within a two-year period were retrospectively included. The CT sagittal images were then evaluated for vertebral fractures from T4 to L5 using the Genant classification. The CT attenuation values (in Hounsfield units [HU]) of trabecular bone in L1 were measured on axial images and compared to the DXA results.
This study included 105 patients (mean age 61.1 years (± 9.5), 78.1% women). There were 28 patients (26.7%) with DXA-defined osteoporosis and 32 (30%) with osteoporotic fractures (vertebral and/or non-vertebral). The CT assessment indicated that the mean (SD) vertebral L1 attenuation was 142.2 HU (± 18.5). The diagnostic performance for the vertebral CT-attenuation measurement was acceptable: the AUC was 0.67 for predicting osteoporotic fractures and of 0.69 for predicting vertebral fractures. Among patients with osteoporotic fractures, there were 23 (74%) patients categorized as osteoporotic with a L1 CT-attenuation of 135 HU or less, whereas there were only 13 patients (42%) identified by DXA.
CT offers a combined opportunistic screening for osteoporosis by assessing both vertebral fractures and bone density on routine CT-scans. This approach may be particularly interesting for RA patients with a high osteoporosis risk.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Perrier-Cornet J, OMOUROU AY, FAUNY M, Loeuille D, Chary-Valckenaere I. Opportunistic Screening for Osteoporosis Using Thoraco-Abdomino-Pelvic Computed Tomography Assessing the Vertebral Density in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/opportunistic-screening-for-osteoporosis-using-thoraco-abdomino-pelvic-computed-tomography-assessing-the-vertebral-density-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients/. Accessed October 22, 2020.
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