Session Title: Sjogren's Syndrome: Clinical Science
Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ACR)
Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a complex disorder involving both the innate and immune system. Fatigue is a common feature of the disease. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with chronic inflammatory diseases, including SLE, and can result in fatigue and exercise intolerance.
We evaluated 32 patients meeting the ACR criteria for SS who presented with profound fatigue for disorders of aerobic and anaerobic metabolism. Serum lactate, carnitine and ischemic forearm tests were performed. In selected patients, muscle biopsies were done for genetic and biochemical studies.
Of these SS patients, 30 had elevated lactic acid at rest and 3 had abnormal ischemic forearm tests. Nine of the patients underwent muscle biopsies. Four had mitochondrial respiratory chain abnormalities, 2 had carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency, 1 had very long chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency and 2 had glycogen storage diseases (myophosphorylase deficiency, lactate dehydrogenase deficiency). Appropriate treatment led to symptomatic improvement in all cases.
Metabolic disorders are common in patients with SS and contribute to symptoms such as fatigue and exercise intolerance. Treatment of these disorders leads to symptomatic improvement. Further studies are needed to determine the incidence of metabolic disorders in SS, the incidence of SS in patients with metabolic disorders and the mechanisms by which SS and metabolic disorders are interrelated.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/metabolic-disorders-causing-fatigue-in-sjogrens-syndrome/