Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Rheumatic Diseases (RD) frequently affect women during reproductive age, therefore counseling on family planning is crucial for their quality of life. Children’s outcome is a major topic, but no large studies are available. This study aimed at assessing the long-term health conditions of children born to women with RD.
Methods: 24 Italian Rheumatology Centers distributed the questionnaire (65 multiple-choice and 12 open-answer questions) to consecutive patients (aged 18-55) during September 2015. Data were analyzed subdividing children upon maternal diagnosis: Chronic Arthritides (CA) and Connective Tissue Diseases (CTD).
Results: Data were collected for 320 children (166 males, 52%) born to 184 mothers (63 CA and 121 CTD). At the time of interview, children had a mean age of 17.1±9.6 years. Pre-term delivery (<37 w) was observed in 72 cases (22.5%), including 13 (4%) cases born <34 w. The occurrence of an autoimmune/inflammatory disease (AIID) and/or neurodevelopmental disorders (ND)/learning disabilities (LD) is reported in Table 1. Twelve children (3.7%) were diagnosed with an AIID, mostly coeliac disease (8/12, 67%). Eleven children (3.4%) were diagnosed as having a ND and/or LD by a Pediatric Neuropsychiatrist. To rule out the possible effects of in utero exposure to maternal autoantibodies and/or anti-rheumatic drugs in the pathogenesis of ND, data on such exposures were retrieved for 280 children (87.5%) and a comparison was performed between affected (n=11) and not-affected children (n=258) as reported in Table 2.
Conclusion: The long-term follow-up of children born to mothers with RD in this large, multicenter study of randomly interviewed women did not raise particular concerns in terms of relevant health problems. In particular, each AIID did not display a significantly increased frequency as compared to the literature (e.g. 2.5% coeliac disease as compared to 1-2% in the general pediatric population, GPP). Children with ND/LD had a tendency to cluster in the group of mothers with CTD, especially after maternal diagnosis, with a higher frequency as compared to GPP (7.9% vs 3%). No particular association with the in utero exposure to either autoantibodies or drugs was found. Therefore, our data suggest that the development of ND/LD in children of patients with RD cannot be linked exclusively to maternal disease. The results of this study can be reassuring for patients with RD about problems in the offspring possibly related to their disease.
Acknowledgements: Statistical analysis supported by an unrestricted grant by UCB Pharma. The authors wish to thank Patients Associations and Participants to the survey.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Lazzaroni MG, Nalli C, Andreoli L, Carini C, Rodrigues M, Dall'Ara F, Bartoloni-Bocci E, Gerli R, Gerosa M, Chighizola CB, Meroni PL, Sinigaglia L, Conigliaro P, Perricone R, Corrado A, Cantatore FP, D'Angelo S, Olivieri I, Favaro M, Larosa M, Doria A, Ruffatti A, Generali E, Selmi C, Meroni M, Cutolo M, Padovan M, Govoni M, Pazzola G, Salvarani C, Peccatori S, Paolazzi G, Prevete I, Minisola G, Sebastiani GD, Brucato A, Ramoni V, Caporali R, Montecucco C, Signorini V, Tani C, Mosca M, Trevisani M, Malavolta N, Vadacca M, Afeltra A, Vivaldelli E, Maier A, Visalli E, Foti R, Benigno C, Zuliani L, Gabrielli A, Campochiaro C, Baldissera E, Sabbadini MG, Romeo N, Tincani A. Long-Term Follow-up of 320 Chilren Born to Mothers with Systemic Autoimmune Diseases: A Multicentre Survey from 24 Rheumatology Centers in Italy [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017; 69 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/long-term-follow-up-of-320-chilren-born-to-mothers-with-systemic-autoimmune-diseases-a-multicentre-survey-from-24-rheumatology-centers-in-italy/. Accessed September 23, 2021.
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