Session Type: Abstract Submissions (ACR)
The functional burden of disease in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, mainly caused by inflamed joints, is often worsened by extra-articular manifestations, among which asthenia remains the most frequently reported. Most biologics have shown overall efficacy on fatigue, but whether this is due to overall improvement of disease or to more specific aspects of the disease like sleep disorders due to overnight pain and awakenings remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictive factors of improvement in related fatigue in RA patients newly receiving biologic therapy, and more specifically the potential influence of the improvement in sleep disorders.
We conducted a multicenter prospective study in RA patients (100% fulfilling ACR/EULAR classification criteria) requiring initiation or change of biologic therapy. The improvement in fatigue was assessed by the FACIT fatigue scale at inclusion (M0) and after 3 months (M3). Sleep disorders and evaluation of depression were respectively measured by Spiegel scale and Beck Depression Inventory. Potential confounders like presence of anemia, thyroid dysfunctions, iron deficiency, psychotropic or corticosteroids medications were adjusted for. The association between evolution of fatigue (improvement/no improvement according to predefined validated cutoffs) and other characteristics were evaluated by univariate (Chi2) then multivariate (logistic regression) analyses.
We included and followed-up 99 patients (72,7% women, aged 58,2±12,1 with initially active disease (DAS28 5,1±1,4). FACIT scores at inclusion revealed frequently reported fatigue: 89% with scores more severe than expected in general population, high prevalence of sleep disorders (95%: abnormal 68%, pathologic 27%) and depression (67%: mild 33%, moderate 24%, severe 11%). Anti-TNF drugs were started in 50 patients, other biologics in 49 patients (tocilizumab N=19, abatacept N=16, rituximab N=14). Clinical response was beneficial in most patients: 36% good EULAR response, 40% moderate, 24% no response. Improvement of fatigue, sleep quality and depression according to predefined cutoffs was observed in respectively 58.6%, 26.3% and 34.3% of cases. Factors associated with an improvement in fatigue at M3 were an elevated sedimentation rate at M0 (OR=5.7[2.0-16.0], p=0.001) and a favorable EULAR response at M3 (OR=4.8[1.6-14.8], p=0.006). Furthermore, a number of swollen joints > 5 at baseline (OR=0.3 [0.1-0.8]) and the use of psychotropic drugs (OR=0.2[0.04-0.9]) were predictive of an absence of improvement in fatigue. No significant association with the improvement in sleep disorders could be demonstrated: of 29 patients with improvement in sleep quality, 17 (58.6%) considered their level of fatigue had decreased, while 41/70 (58.6%) did so among those without correction of sleep disorders (p=0.9).
Conclusion . Our study confirmed that fatigue in RA is frequent, as well as depression and sleep disorders, and is usually improved by effective treatment (i.e. via decrease in disease activity). Our results indicate that improvement of sleep disorders is more likely a surrogate of therapeutic efficiency rather than an independent outcome.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/improvement-of-fatigue-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-treated-with-biologics-relationship-with-sleep-disorders-depression-and-clinical-efficacy-a-prospective-multicenter-study/