Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Few studies have analyzed the risk factors for thrombosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and most had small sample sizes and homogenous patient populations. We examined whether a history of nephritis is an additional risk factor for thrombosis on a large multi-ethnic SLE cohort database.
The NYU SLE SAMPLE biorepository and registry was initiated in September 2013 and includes 612 patients fulfilling ACR and/or SLICC criteria for SLE. Within SAMPLE, we identified patients with a positive aPL test (lupus anticoagulant, IgG or IgM anti-β2-glycoprotein-I antibodies and/or IgG or IgM anticardiolipin antibodies) and determined if these patients had also ever fulfilled nephritis criteria. We reviewed each patient’s medical record for presence/absence of venous and arterial thrombosis, and obstetric events as well as the non-criteria manifestations such as thrombocytopenia or valvulitis. We compared the prevalence of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) manifestations in SLE patients with and without a history of lupus nephritis.
Of the initial 612 SLE patients (90% female; mean age 43.0±0.9 years), 54% were Caucasian, 31% African American, 15% Asian; 30% Hispanic white, and 5% Hispanic Black. Of the 612 patients, 105 had aPL, including 93 females and 12 males (mean age 43.0±0.2 years), 56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% Asian, 24% Hispanic white and 4% Hispanic Black. The total number of patients with thrombotic events was 45/105 (43%), including 26/43 (60%) in the nephritis subset and 19/62 (30%) (p=0.04) among patients without prior renal involvement. The most common thrombotic event was deep vein thrombosis (DVT) followed by stroke.
The prevalence of APS criteria in the NYU SLE SAMPLE was 17%. Within this group, adverse events were more common among the patients with, versus without, a prior history of renal involvement (60% vs 30%). It remains uncertain if this association can be explained by, for example, by the presence of other accompanying findings that distinguish nephritis from non-nephritis SLE (e.g. anti-dsDNA, complement consumption) or drug treatment. This observation provides further support for the universal use of hydroxychloroquine in SLE, especially in those with current or previous nephritis and suggests that event-free aPL positive patients with a prior history of nephritis may be at increased risk for future thrombosis. Further studies are needed to determine whether such patients could benefit from prophylaxis with low-dose aspirin, statins or even other mild anti-thrombotic agents.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Domingues V, Nwaukoni J, Buyon JP, Belmont HM. History of Lupus Nephritis Is an Independent Risk Factor for Thrombosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients with Antiphospholipid Antibodies [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/history-of-lupus-nephritis-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-thrombosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-antiphospholipid-antibodies/. Accessed December 10, 2019.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/history-of-lupus-nephritis-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-thrombosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-antiphospholipid-antibodies/