Date: Sunday, November 8, 2015
Session Title: Vasculitis Poster I
Session Type: ACR Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: IgA vasculitis (IgAV, Henoch–Schönlein) is the most common childhood vasculitis in western countries. Population-based studies mainly carried out in Europe over the last 4 decades reported annual incidence rates of 3 to 27 per 100,000 children. The etiology of IgAV remains unclear. Incidence peaks in the colder months suggested an infectious underpinning, although genetic susceptibility and other environmental triggers might also play a role. More epidemiological studies are required to determine potential changes over time in the epidemiological characteristics of IgAV. This study aimed at describing the epidemiological characteristics of childhood IgAV in a large French population.
Methods: Cases were prospectively collected in Val de Marne county, a southeastern suburb of Paris, with 262,124 residents < 15 years old. Children with incident IgAV living in this area from 2012 to 2014 were identified by 4 sources of case notification (emergency departments, pediatrics departments, private practice pediatricians, general practitioners). Diagnoses were verified against the EULAR/PRINTO/PRES criteria. We calculated 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for incidence rates under the assumption of a Poisson distribution. Four-source capture–recapture analysis (CRA) was performed using log-linear modeling to estimate the completeness of case finding. Seasonal variations in IgAV incidence were investigated by comparing observed to expected frequencies by chi-square testing.
Results: The survey identified 151 incident cases meeting the study criteria, including 79 (52%) boys and 72 (48%) girls with a mean age of 6.7 years (standard deviation: 2.7 years; range 2.2–15.7 years). The overall annual incidence (per 100,000 children) was 19.2 (95% CI: 16.2–22.4), with 19.7 (95% CI: 15.6–24.5) for boys and 18.7 (95% CI: 14.6–23.5) for girls. CRA estimated the completeness of case finding at 61.9% (95% CI: 50.0–81.2). The annual distribution of diagnoses (spring: 29%, summer: 12%, fall: 26%, winter: 33%) significantly deviated from a random distribution (P<0.01) and indicated a higher incidence in fall or winter as compared with spring or summer (P<0.01). Clinical manifestations at presentation included purpura (100%), urticaria (12%), arthralgias/arthritis (93%), acral edema (72%), abdominal involvement (59%), scrotal edema (13%) and renal involvement (21%). Abdominal manifestations included pain (55%), vomiting (26%), diarrhea (13%), hemorrhage (7%) and intussusception (2%). Renal involvement was mostly mild and diagnosed from findings of proteinuria and hematuria; only 3 children (2%) underwent renal biopsy.
Conclusion: The annual incidence rate of 19.2 per 100,000 children, gender distribution and seasonal variation we observed are in line with data reported from other geographic areas and time periods. In contrast, the small proportion and mild presentation of IgAV-associated renal disease supports the rather benign profile of IgAV at the population level.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Piram M, Maldini C, Biscardi S, De Suremain N, Orzechowski C, Georget E, Regnard D, Koné-Paut I, Mahr A. Epidemiological Features of Childhood IgA Vasculitis (Henoch-Schönlein) in a French County: A Population-Based Survey [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015; 67 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/epidemiological-features-of-childhood-iga-vasculitis-henoch-schonlein-in-a-french-county-a-population-based-survey/. Accessed May 30, 2023.
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