Session Type: Poster Session (Monday)
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a disease with an onset before 20 years of age in 90% of the patients. However late onset FMF defined as age of onset over 40 years is being recognized more frequently. To better define patients with FMF who had their first attack before age 40 and compare them with early onset patient group in Turkish population
Methods: The files of 2180 FMF patients followed in a single center between 2008-2017 who have fulfilled Tel-Hashomer criteria, were reviewed regarding the age of onset 40 years and over (index patients, Group 1). For control purposes files before and after the index patients were browsed and first patients with an onset before age 20 years (Group 2) were included. The demographic, clinical and genetic characteristics are compared between these 2 subgroups.
Results: Patients with an onset after 40 years consisted 2.7% of our FMF population. 50 of the 59 patients with an onset 40 years or over were re-evaluated and compared with early onset group consisting of 100 patients (Table 1). The delay in diagnosis, and disease duration were significantly longer and number of patients with M694V homozygosity and M694V allele frequency were significantly more frequent among group 2. In general, phenotypes of both onset groups were similar, the only significant differences being the frequency of fever and myositis which were less common among group 1. Also, response to colchicine was more pronounced in group 1. One other interesting observation was the low incidence of amyloidosis in a group with such a significant delay in diagnosis and thus treatment.
Conclusion: FMF should be included among the differential diagnosis of patients over 40 years of age with recurrent autoinflammatory manifestations. Less than 3% of FMF patients experience their first attacks after 40 years of age. The frequency of M694V is significantly less in the late onset group, pointing out a milder disease.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Ugurlu S, Aydin O, Ozdogan H. Comparison of FMF Patients with Age of Onset Before 20 versus 40 Years and Over [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019; 71 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/comparison-of-fmf-patients-with-age-of-onset-before-20-versus-40-years-and-over/. Accessed December 5, 2020.
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