Date: Sunday, October 21, 2018
Session Type: ACR Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Background/Purpose: Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) in a musculoskeletal inflammatory condition associated with psoriasis. It has a heterogeneous set of clinical manifestations which include peripheral arthritis, axial involvement, enthesitis, dactylitis, ski, and nail disease. In current practice, the treatment of PsA involves initiating a conventional synthetic DMARD (csDMARD), usually followed by an initial Tumor Necrosis Factor inhibitor (TNFi) and then a second TNFi before considering other classes of biological DMARD (bDMARD). The efficacy of TNFi in patients with PsA has been documented in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for several of these agents, including adalimumab (ADA), etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, and certolizumab, compared with placebo. However, little is known about the utility of combining a TNFi with MTX (C) versus TNFi monotherapy (M) in psoriatic arthritis and studies to this day show conflicting results. We evaluate here the comparative sustainability of ADA used in first or second intention in patients with PsA initially treated in C or M.
Methods: Data from all RHUMADATA® patients with PsA prescribed ADA either as an initial or second TNFi was analyzed. Patients were followed until treatment discontinuation, loss to follow-up or February 21st, 2018. Only patients who were treated for at least six months were included. The characteristics of selected patients were tabulated, and the ADA discontinuation rates of patients who initiated C and M were compared using Kaplan-Meier estimates and multivariate Cox models adjusting for potential confounders.
Results: A total of 247 patients with PsA received ADA in first or second intention. Of those, 105(42.5%) and 142(57.5%) received treatment without and with MTX respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in populations in table 1 for the age at diagnosis (M: 39.8±11.7; C: 43.5±11.4; p=0.012). No significant differences in retention rates between M and C therapy were observed (see figure below). Mean retention time for M and C therapy were respectively 5.06(SE=0.29) and 6.82(SE=0.35). Sub analysis looking at ADA in first and in second intention showed similar results.
Conclusion: Combining MTX to ADA does not improve sustainability in patients with PsA.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Benryane O, Coupal L, Choquette D. Combining Adalimumab with Methotrexate Does Not Improve Long Term Sustainability in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis. Real World Evidence Report from the Quebec Database Rhumadata® [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/combining-adalimumab-with-methotrexate-does-not-improve-long-term-sustainability-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-real-world-evidence-report-from-the-quebec-database-rhumadata/. Accessed January 27, 2021.
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