Session Type: ACR Concurrent Abstract Session
Session Time: 2:30PM-4:00PM
Background/Purpose: We and others have previously shown that periostin (Postn) expression is dramatically elevated in cartilage and sub-chondral bone in OA patients and surgical models of OA (medial meniscectomy and anterior crucial ligament resection or PMX, partial meniscectomy) in rodents. In vitro Postn promotes collagen and proteoglycan degradation in human chondrocytes by upregulating MMP-13 and ADAMTS4 expression. Postn controls gene expression in bone cells by interacting with avb3 integrin. However, the nature of periostin receptor(s) in chondrocytes is unknown. DDR1, a collagen-binding receptor tyrosine kinase highly expressed in chondrocytes, controls MMP-13 expression during chondrogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that the effect of Postn on chondrocytes is mediated by DDR1 and Postn-deficient mice (Postn-/-) are protected from surgically-induced post-traumatic OA.
Methods: (Postn-/-) mice were purchased from Jackson Laboratory (B6;129-Postntm1Jmol/J Stock No: 009067). We subjected 3-months old littermates (Postn+/+, Postn+/- and Postn-/-) to partial medial meniscectomy (PMX) or sham surgery, and harvested the knee joints 8 week post-surgery for histological assessment of OA progression. Human OA chondrocytes cultures were incubated in the presence or absence of the DDR1 inhibitor DDR1-IN-1 dihydrochloridein (100-500 nM) for 2 h before addition of Postn (1 µg/ml) or control vehicle to the culture medium. MMP-13 levels were determined by ELISA 24 h post stimulation.
Results: We observed abundant expression of DDR1 mRNA in human chondrocytes and we found comparable levels of DDR1 in OA and normal cartilage. However, Postn expression was 3-4 times as high in OA than in normal cartilage. Pre-incubation of human cartilage explants or cultured chondrocytes with DDR1-IN-1 dihydrochloridein inhibited both constitutive and Postn-induced MMP-13 expression in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, neutralizing antibody to αvβ3 integrin had no effect on Postn induction of MMP-13 expression. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that Postn physically interacts with DDR1 in human chondrocytes. Furthermore, Postn-/- mice showed reduced PMX-induced cartilage degeneration and osteophyte formation, and both Postn+/- and Postn-/- mice had reduced subchondral bone thickening, relative to Postn+/+ mice.
Conclusion: Postn-/- mice are protected from surgically-induced post-traumatic OA, showing that Postn promotes cartilage degeneration. DDR1 mediates the stimulatory effect of Postn on MMP-13 expression. Further studies are in progress to investigate the potential of periostin as a druggable target for the treatment of OA.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Qing Y, Mignatti P, Ramme A, Kirsch T, Patel J, Attur M. Binding of Periostin to Discoidin Domain Receptor-1 (DDR1) Promotes Cartilage Degeneration By Inducing MMP-13 Expression [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016; 68 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/binding-of-periostin-to-discoidin-domain-receptor-1-ddr1-promotes-cartilage-degeneration-by-inducing-mmp-13-expression/. Accessed November 22, 2019.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/binding-of-periostin-to-discoidin-domain-receptor-1-ddr1-promotes-cartilage-degeneration-by-inducing-mmp-13-expression/