Session Type: ACR Poster Session B
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Inflammation plays a pathogenetic role in OA, and catabolic cytokines including IL-1β potentiate joint space narrowing. Elevated serum urate (sUA) levels promote crystal-induced stimulation of inflammasome IL-1β production, potentially contributing to OA incidence and/or progression. Additionally, intraarticular urate concentrations associate with radiographic knee OA (RKOA) severity. However, there is limited research on associations of asymptomatic hyperuricemia (AH) and knee OA outcomes. Therefore, we sought to examine the association of AH with RKOA and symptomatic RKOA (sRKOA) using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III), a large nationally representative survey. We also examined whether body mass index (BMI) modifies the association between AH and RKOA.
NHANES III was a cross-sectional health examination survey conducted between 1988 and 1994. It used a multistage, stratified probability cluster design to select a representative sample of noninstitutionalized civilian in the US, and included data on sUA, gout, clinical and radiographic knee OA. We analyzed data (n=2213) for adults over age 60, excluding individuals with self-reported gout. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum urate > 6.8, mg/dL. One non-weight bearing AP knee X-ray was performed with RKOA defined as KL grade ≥ 2, and sRKOA as RKOA plus pain in the affected joint on most days for the prior 6 weeks. Wald chi-square tests were used to examine differences in proportions between different study characteristics. Multivariate log binomial models were used to examine the association between AH and knee OA outcomes and estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Among US adults age 60 years and older, prevalence of AH was 17.9% (CI 15.3-20.5). AH prevalence was significantly greater among men vs women (24.5% vs. 13.3%, p=<0.01) and persons with obesity (BMI ≥30kg/m2) vs persons without obesity (27.4% vs. 14.8%, p=<0.01). Prevalence of RKOA was 37.7% (CI 35.0-40.3) and was significantly greater in women vs men (42.1% vs. 31.3%, p=0.01). The prevalence of RKOA was highest among subjects with greater age, obesity, non-Hispanic Black race, and less education. RKOA prevalence among adults with AH was 44.0% vs 36.3% for those with normuricemia (p = 0.056). Importantly, sRKOA was significantly higher in the AH group (17.4 vs 10.9%, p=0.04). After adjusting for age, sex, race, and education, adults with AH were more likely to have RKOA (PR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.36) and sRKOA (PR = 1.69, 95% CI: 1.19, 2.42). These associations were observed for persons without obesity, but were severely attenuated among persons with obesity, suggesting that obesity status may modify the association between AH and knee OA.
We identified a greater prevalence of RKOA among persons with AH, along with a greater prevalence of sRKOA, suggesting urate may participate in OA pathogenesis. This association appeared to be modified by obesity status with non-obese adults (but not adults with obesity) reporting a greater prevalence of knee OA among participants with AH. Longitudinal studies are needed to verify these findings.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Wang S, Pillinger M, Krasnokutsky Samuels S, Barbour KE. Asymptomatic Hyperuricemia Is Associated with Increased Prevalence of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: Data from Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-increased-prevalence-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey/. Accessed October 30, 2020.
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ACR Meeting Abstracts - https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-increased-prevalence-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey/