Session Type: ACR Abstract Session
Session Time: 2:30PM-4:00PM
Background/Purpose: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are an important part of clinical decision making and are frequently used in combination with objective measures of disease activity and physicians’ clinical assessment to help guide treatment decisions. Discrepancies between PROs and clinical measures of disease activity can lead to over-treated or under-treated disease and patient dissatisfaction. We sought to examine the correlation between minimal disease activity (MDA) with PROs as measured by the NIH Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Health (GH) questionnaire, and assess the effect of demographics, psoriatic arthritis related comorbidities, and number of comorbidities on PROMIS GH and MDA status.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed within Psoriatic Arthritis Research Consortium (PARC), a cohort of adult psoriatic arthritis patients meeting CASPAR criteria enrolled between 2016-2019. PARC is a longitudinal observational cohort study conducted at four institutions in the United States. The mean differences of PROMIS Physical, Mental and Fatigue T-scores between patients in MDA compared to those not in MDA were compared using the two sample t-tests. Correlations between MDA scores (0-7 criteria met) and PROMIS Physical, Mental and Fatigue T-scores were calculated using Spearman rank correlation. Higher T-scores on PROMIS measures mean ‘more’ of that concept for PROMIS Physical and Mental domains. Logistic regression model was used to evaluate contribution of additional covariates on MDA, including age, gender, hypertension, dyslipidemia, BMI, diabetes, smoking and number of comorbidities (Table 2). The odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were presented. Multiple imputation was performed to impute missing data points. Data analysis was performed in SAS software (Version 9.4; Cary, NC).
Results: 235 patients (50% female, mean age 51±13.9) were included. 129 were in MDA and 106 were not in MDA. Patients in MDA had significantly higher PROMIS Physical, Mental and improved Fatigue T-scores compared to non-MDA patients (Table 1; p< 0.001). There was a positive correlation between MDA scores and PROMIS scores in Physical and Mental domains; correlation was strongest for PROMIS Physical T-score (Figure 1; r=0.65, p< 0.001). There was a moderate correlation between MDA and PROMIS Fatigue T-score (Figure 1; r=-0.51, p< 0.001). In the univariate analysis, there was a statistically significant association between hypertension and number of comorbidities with MDA status (Table 2). However, this effect was not observed in the multivariate analysis.
Conclusion: Achieving MDA was associated with a positive effect on patients’ physical, mental and fatigue domains, irrespective of their demographics or PsA comorbidities. However, patients with a greater number of comorbidities were less likely to be in MDA. In this study, the PROMIS Physical domain had a higher correlation with MDA scores compared to the Mental domain and PROMIS Fatigue. PROMIS measures may be a useful tool in assessing disease activity from the patient’s perspective.
Acknowledgement: Funded by NIH/NIAMS R01 AR072363
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Yedimenko J, Jin Y, Ogdie A, Walsh J, Scher J, Reddy S, Husni M. Are PROMIS Measures Associated with Minimal Disease Activity in Psoriatic Arthritis? [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019; 71 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/are-promis-measures-associated-with-minimal-disease-activity-in-psoriatic-arthritis/. Accessed November 26, 2020.
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