Date: Sunday, November 5, 2017
Session Type: ACR Poster Session A
Session Time: 9:00AM-11:00AM
Nurses are at increased of developing pain sensitization syndromes due to stress and interrupted sleep. The prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) in nurses is unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of FM in nurses using different screening tools.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted in King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC). Nurses were invited to fill a questionnaire. The fibromyalgia Rapid Screening tool (FIRST), Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ) and London Fibromyalgia Epidemiology Study Screening Questionnaire (LFESSQ) were used to identify patients with FM. Descriptive analysis was used for demographics. Non-parametric tests were to compare PIT with and without FM.
A total of 335 nurses completed the questionnaire. They were mostly females (93.7%), married (64.5%) with a median (interquartile range) age and body mass index of 32 (10) years and 24.8 (4.7) respectively. Of those, 121 (36.1%) nurse admitted having body pain. The prevalence of FM using the FIRST, FSQ and LFESSQ were (1.8%), (0.6%) and (19.4%) respectively. None of them fulfilled the 3 criteria concurrently. Using the LFESSQ criteria, nurses with FM were more likely to complain from irritable bowel syndrome (p=0.018), dry mouth (p=0.026), chest pain (p=0.002) and headache (p<0.001). the underlying specialty had an impact on the prevalence of FM based on specialty was; emergency department (23.1%), clinics (17.2%), intensive care (10.6%), ward (5.3) and operation room (4.3%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of FM is variable among nurses based on the used screening tool. Educational programs and screening clinics are justified.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Alajmi S, Shahwan F, Bajuaifer Y, Al Ohaly R, Edrees M, Asiri A, Omair M. Prevalence of Fibromyalgia in Nurses; A Cross Sectional Study [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017; 69 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-in-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study/. Accessed April 10, 2020.
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